Nado amarrado: uma revisão histórica e sua aplicabilidade

Otávio Joaquim Baratto de Azevedo, Hélio Roesler, Suzana Matheus Pereira, Caroline Ruschel, Nícolas Erwig Pulz

Resumo

O desempenho na natação pode ser influenciado por diferentes fatores, como a técnica de nado, as forças envolvidas na tarefa ou, ainda, aspectos fisiológicos e biomecânicos, dentre estes as análises das forças propulsiva (FP) e resistivas (FR) são de fundamental importância para o desenvolvimento da natação competitiva. O nado amarrado é um método largamente utilizado por técnicos pesquisadores nos últimos 50 anos, podemos atribuir isso a sua praticidade e custo reduzido quando comparado a outros métodos. Tendo em vista a relevância deste método, este trabalho teve como objetivo elucidar a aplicabilidade do nado amarrado em nível histórico e prático. Foi observado que o nado amarrado é uma ferramenta com alta reprodutibilidade, possui boa relação com o desempenho na natação e pode ser utilizada para o acompanhamento de atletas ao longo de um programa de treino, bem como servir de potencial preditor de talentos esportivos. Conclui-se que o nado amarrado possui lacunas quando a descrição detalhada dos métodos utilizados, contudo devido ao volume de trabalhos produzidos nas últimas décadas, podemos afirmar que este possui base sólida para ser aplicado para pesquisas e treinamento de natação

Palavras-chave

Natação; Biomecânica, Nado amarado

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